Criterion Collection Review of the Week

57-angelaCHINESE ROULETTE (1976; Dir.: Rainer Werner Fassbinder)

GRADE: A-

By Mike Dub

A precocious adolescent concocts an elaborate plan to expose the secrets of her family in Chinese Roulette.  It sounds like it could be the plotline of a heartwarming Christopher Columbus movie, but this is a film by legendary German director Rainer Werner Fassbinder, and in his hands what could have been a crushingly saccharine tale of emotional fence-mending becomes a deeply haunting story of cruelty, hatred and revenge.

The film begins with a practically screwball setup – a spunky twelve year old girl, Angela (Andrea Schober), tricks her parents, Gerhard (Alexander Allerson) and Ariane (Margit Carstensen), who have been cheating on each other for many years, into arriving at the same vacation house at the same time, each with their illicit partners.  The foursome’s sense of sophistication compels them to ignore the difficulty of the situation, opting instead for bohemian hipness, where the men shake each other’s hands and the women politely compliment each other’s appearance.  They even have dinner together, as if to rebel against their fate by enduring the awkwardness of each other’s company.  When someone finally asks about what the sleeping arrangements should be, Ariane replies coolly, “Same as planned.”

Though, when Angela, who suffers from a structural disorder and requires crutches to move around, arrives at the house with her nurse, the self-assurance of the adults disappears, as they realize that Angela has somehow conjured them together.  We learn that Angela blames herself for the collapse of her family, probably because her parents blame her, too.  She explains to the housekeeper’s adult son, Gabriel, that her father first began his affair when she developed her crippling disorder.  Fittingly, her mother began her affair when doctors concluded that her condition was no longer operable.

As the two couples, the child, the housekeeper (Fassbinder regular Brigitte Mira) and her son, all engage in superficial meanderings, burying their hatred for each other in simple gestures, Fassbinder and cinematographer Michael Ballhaus’ camera displays characters with the intricate precision of a Romantic artist.  At times, the camera is distant, the characters almost frozen, as though in a painting.

But Fassbinder also often allows his camera to move through the space of the characters, revealing three or even four reflections of faces in the same shot.  This not only illustrates the characters’ duplicity, but also gives them a ghostlike transparency, as though they are so empty inside, even their bodies lack substance.

Throughout the first three quarters of the film, Chinese Roulette is a dark comedy, allowing us the pleasure of watching terrible people squirm in sexually awkward situations.  In the last act, though, even that sense of black humor evaporates.  Angela demands everyone play a party game that allows for unprecedented truth, which of course leads to profound cruelty.  “I’ve already divided us up,” she says meaningfully.  Perhaps out of a long-ingrained, guilt-laden habit of acquiescing to her wishes, they play along, and eventually Angela’s true plan is revealed, one of many perception-altering twists that lead to the predictably tragic conclusion.

In the early 1970s, Fassbinder underwent a drastic change in his approach to films after he famously watched a Douglas Sirk marathon.  From then on, he was a master of melodrama.  He embraced the sumptuous visual style of Hollywood, capable of eliciting strong emotions through powerfully beautiful images, as well as Hollywood’s tradition of using melodrama as a tool of social criticism.  In Chinese Roulette, Fassbinder has created a vicious, chilling story and framed it within a stunning array of brilliant colors and striking images.  Fassbinder learned from Sirk a vital element of melodrama: violence, whether physical or emotional, is even more disturbing when it is delivered in a pretty package.

2 comments

  1. I will definitely hunt this down, sounds fantastic!

    Do you have any recommendations for reading on post-war German cinema? I’ve been on the hunt for some good criticism and historical context for this era, but haven’t ever found anything.

    1. It’s pretty great, I definitely recommend it. If you haven’t seen “Ali: Fear Eats the Soul” (probably Fassbinder’s most renowned movie, from 1974), you should definitely check that out, too. Both are available on Hulu Plus, or Netflix by disc.

      As for reading, probably the most complete book that I’m aware of that discusses this time frame (early 1960s through the 1970s) is “New German Cinema: A History,” by Thomas Elsaesser. From what I’ve read of it, it’s really good.

      If you have access to online academic journals (and I think you do…) there is a fantastic essay on Fassbinder, specifically dealing with “Ali,” called “Fassbinder and Spectatorship,” by Judith Mayne. It’s a fascinating analysis of “Ali,” but of course it helps inform Fassbinder’s other work as well.

      If you watch/read any of that, let me know. I’d love to you know what you think.

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